The Fountain of Health™ offers evidence-based approaches to promote brain health and resilience. Below are our peer-reviewed publications on The Fountain of Health™ approach. The evidence behind the five areas of the Fountain of Health™ are also included: Physical Activity, Social Activity, Brain Activity, Mental Health, and Positive Thinking.

Fountain of Health Publications

The Fountain of Health: Bringing Seniors' Mental Health Promotion into Clinical Practice, Dilip V. Jeste, Keri-Leigh Cassidy et al., in American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol 24, Issue 12 Dec 2016 p 1158-1170.

Book Review: “Geriatric Depression: A Clinical Guide”, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in Canadian Journal of Aging, Vol 35, Issue 3 May 2016. 

Age-Friendly Communities Initiative: Public Health Approach to Promoting Successful Aging, Dilip V. Jeste, Keri-Leigh Cassidy et al., American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry Vol 24 Issue 12 Dec 2016 p 1158-1170.

Toward psychosocial health in age-friendly communities: The Fountain of Health Peer-Led Education SeriesAmy Gough, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in Mental Health and Prevention, 2017; 8: 2017, pp 14-19. 

Book Chapter: “Positive Psychiatry”, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, Beverley Cassidy, Book chapter in Advances in Psychiatry, Edited by Dr. K. Fountoulakis and A. Javed, Springer Nature, 2018. 

The Fountain of Health: Effective Health Promotion Knowledge Transfer in Individual Primary Care and Group Community-based Formats, Amy Gough, Beverley Cassidy, Kiran Rabheru, David Conn, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in International Psychogeriatrics, Positive Psychiatry Special Edition, 2018. DOI: 10.1017/S1041610218000480.


Improving Seniors' Brain Health, One Habit at a Time

5 Evidence Areas

Physical Activity

Angevaren M, et al. Physical activity and enhanced fitness to improve cognitive function in older people without known cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008;3:CD005381.
Online: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD005381.pub3/abstract

Lautenschlager NT, et al. Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: a randomized trial. JAMA 2008;300(9):1027-1037.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18768414*

McNamara D. Physical Fitness Ted to a Nearly 90% Reduction in Dementia Risk. Medscape 2018.
Online: https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/894032*

Nagamatsu LS, et al. Resistance training promotes cognitive and functional brain plasticity in seniors with probable mild cognitive impairment. Arch Intern Med 2012;172(8):666-668.
Online: http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1135414

Rockwood K, et al. Physical activity and the maintenance of cognitive function. Alzheimers Dement 2007;3(2 Suppl), S38-44.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19595973*

Wolff JK et al. What do targeting positive views on aging add to a physical activity intervention in older adults? Results from a randomized control trial. Health Psychology 2014; 29(8): 915-923.

Social Activity

Gilmour H. “Social participation and the health and well-being of Canadian seniors.” Stats Can Catalogue 82-003-X 2012.
Online: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-003-x/2012004/article/11720-eng.htm

Nicholson N. A review of social isolation: an important but underassessed condition in older adults. J Prim Prev 2012;33(2-3):137-152.
Online: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/769914_1

Flatt J, et al. Participation in social activities in later life: does enjoyment have important implications for cognitive health? Aging Health 2013;9(2)149-158.
Online: http://www.futuremedicine.com/doi/abs/10.2217/ahe.13.11*

Brain Challenge

Miller KJ, et al. Effect of a computerized brain exercise program on cognitive performance in older adults. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2013;21(7):655-63.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23602310*

Reijnders J, et al. Cognitive interventions in healthy older adults and people with mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review. Ageing Res Rev 2013;12(1):263-275.
Online: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1568163712000979

Valenzuela M, et al. Can cognitive exercise prevent the onset of dementia? Systematic review of randomized clinical trials with longitudinal follow-up. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry  2009;17(3):179-87.
Online: http://rng.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/2009-Can-Cognitive-Exercise-Prevent-the-Onset-of-Dementia-Systematic-Review-of-Randomized-Clinical-Trials-with-Longitudinal-Follow-up.pdf

Positive Thinking

Levy B, et al. Longitudinal benefit of positive self-perceptions of aging on functional health. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2002;57(5):409-417.
Online: http://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/57/5/P409.short*

Levy B. Mind matters: cognitive and physical effects of aging self stereotypes. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 2003; 58(4): 203-211.
Online: http://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/58/4/P203.full

Levy B, et al. Longevity increased by positive self-perceptions of aging. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2002; 83(2): 261-270.
Online: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/psp-832261.pdf

Wurm S, et al. How do negative self-perceptions of aging become a self-fulfilling prophecy? Psychology and Aging 2013; 28(4): 1088-1097.
Online: http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2013-35546-001/

Levy B, Slade M, Pietrzak H, & Ferrucci L. Positive age beliefs protect against dementia even among elders with high-risk gene. PLOS One 2018.
Online: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0191004

Mental Health

Grossman P, et al. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta analysis. J Psychosom Res 2004;57(1):35-43.
Online: ac.els-cdn.com/S0022399903005737/1-s2.0-S0022399903005737-main.pdf?_tid=8f5e1514-1986-11e3-a7150000aab0f6c&acdnat=1378755327_8d53a8bc0a1a737113bb823c1f20bf34

Jeste DV, Palmer BW. A call for a new positive psychiatry of aging. British Journal of Psychiatry 2013; 20(2); 81-83.
Online: http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/202/2/81

Jeste DV, et al. Older age is associated with more successful aging: role of resilience and depression. American Journal of Psychiatry 2013; 170(2): 188-196.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3593664/