The Fountain of Health™ offers evidence-based approaches to promote brain health and resilience. Below are our peer-reviewed publications on The Fountain of Health™ approach. The evidence behind the five areas of the Fountain of Health™ are also included: Physical Activity, Social Activity, Brain Activity, Mental Health, and Positive Thinking.

Fountain of Health Publications

The Fountain of Health: Bringing Seniors' Mental Health Promotion into Clinical Practice, Vanessa Thoo, Janya Freer, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in Canadian Geriatrics Journal, Vol 19, Issue 4, December 2015 p 217-224. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5770/cgj.18.197

Book Review: “Geriatric Depression: A Clinical Guide”, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in Canadian Journal of Aging, Vol 35, Issue 3 May 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0714980816000349

Age-Friendly Communities Initiative: Public Health Approach to Promoting Successful Aging, Dilip V. Jeste, Keri-Leigh Cassidy et al., American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry Vol 24 Issue 12 Dec 2016 p 1158-1170. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2016.07.021

Toward psychosocial health in age-friendly communities: The Fountain of Health Peer-Led Education Series, Amy Gough, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in Mental Health and Prevention, 2017; 8: 2017, pp 14-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhp.2017.08.002

Book Chapter: “Positive Psychiatry”, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, Beverley Cassidy, Book chapter in Advances in Psychiatry, Edited by Dr. K. Fountoulakis and A. Javed, Springer Nature, 2018. 

The Fountain of Health: Effective Health Promotion Knowledge Transfer in Individual Primary Care and Group Community-based Formats, Amy Gough, Beverley Cassidy, Kiran Rabheru, David Conn, Keri-Leigh Cassidy, in International Psychogeriatrics, Positive Psychiatry Special Edition, 2018. DOI: 10.1017/S1041610218000480. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218000480



Improving Seniors' Brain Health, One Habit at a Time
A blog by invitation posted on the Centre for Aging and Brain Health Innovation website about the Fountain of Health™ and Brain Health and Wellness project.

“Aging Well,” K.L. Cassidy, Maritime Noon episode CBC radio, February 28th 2019
CBC radio call-in program hosted by Bob Murphy. The segment on “Aging Well” begins at 16min :09 seconds with Dr. Keri-Leigh Cassidy on the Fountain of Health™, a national initiative on the science of key modifiable lifestyle factors that promote successful aging, and fielding questions and comments from callers. Essential components for aging successfully described include remaining physically, socially, cognitively aging, taking care of mental health and our outlook.      


5 Evidence Areas

Physical Activity

Angevaren M, et al. Physical activity and enhanced fitness to improve cognitive function in older people without known cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008;3:CD005381.
Online: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD005381.pub3/abstract

Lautenschlager NT, et al. Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: a randomized trial. JAMA 2008;300(9):1027-1037.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18768414*

McNamara D. Physical Fitness Ted to a Nearly 90% Reduction in Dementia Risk. Medscape 2018.
Online: https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/894032*

Nagamatsu LS, et al. Resistance training promotes cognitive and functional brain plasticity in seniors with probable mild cognitive impairment. Arch Intern Med 2012;172(8):666-668.
Online: http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1135414

Rockwood K, et al. Physical activity and the maintenance of cognitive function. Alzheimers Dement 2007;3(2 Suppl), S38-44.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19595973*

Wolff JK et al. What do targeting positive views on aging add to a physical activity intervention in older adults? Results from a randomized control trial. Health Psychology 2014; 29(8): 915-923.

Social Activity

Gilmour H. “Social participation and the health and well-being of Canadian seniors.” Stats Can Catalogue 82-003-X 2012.
Online: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-003-x/2012004/article/11720-eng.htm

Nicholson N. A review of social isolation: an important but underassessed condition in older adults. J Prim Prev 2012;33(2-3):137-152.
Online: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/769914_1

Flatt J, et al. Participation in social activities in later life: does enjoyment have important implications for cognitive health? Aging Health 2013;9(2)149-158.
Online: http://www.futuremedicine.com/doi/abs/10.2217/ahe.13.11*

Brain Challenge

Miller KJ, et al. Effect of a computerized brain exercise program on cognitive performance in older adults. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2013;21(7):655-63.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23602310*

Reijnders J, et al. Cognitive interventions in healthy older adults and people with mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review. Ageing Res Rev 2013;12(1):263-275.
Online: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1568163712000979

Valenzuela M, et al. Can cognitive exercise prevent the onset of dementia? Systematic review of randomized clinical trials with longitudinal follow-up. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry  2009;17(3):179-87.
Online: http://rng.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/2009-Can-Cognitive-Exercise-Prevent-the-Onset-of-Dementia-Systematic-Review-of-Randomized-Clinical-Trials-with-Longitudinal-Follow-up.pdf

Positive Thinking

Levy B, et al. Longitudinal benefit of positive self-perceptions of aging on functional health. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2002;57(5):409-417.
Online: http://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/57/5/P409.short*

Levy B. Mind matters: cognitive and physical effects of aging self stereotypes. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 2003; 58(4): 203-211.
Online: http://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/58/4/P203.full

Levy B, et al. Longevity increased by positive self-perceptions of aging. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2002; 83(2): 261-270.
Online: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/psp-832261.pdf

Wurm S, et al. How do negative self-perceptions of aging become a self-fulfilling prophecy? Psychology and Aging 2013; 28(4): 1088-1097.
Online: http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2013-35546-001/

Levy B, Slade M, Pietrzak H, & Ferrucci L. Positive age beliefs protect against dementia even among elders with high-risk gene. PLOS One 2018.
Online: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0191004

Mental Health

Grossman P, et al. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta analysis. J Psychosom Res 2004;57(1):35-43.
Online: ac.els-cdn.com/S0022399903005737/1-s2.0-S0022399903005737-main.pdf?_tid=8f5e1514-1986-11e3-a7150000aab0f6c&acdnat=1378755327_8d53a8bc0a1a737113bb823c1f20bf34

Jeste DV, Palmer BW. A call for a new positive psychiatry of aging. British Journal of Psychiatry 2013; 20(2); 81-83.
Online: http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/202/2/81

Jeste DV, et al. Older age is associated with more successful aging: role of resilience and depression. American Journal of Psychiatry 2013; 170(2): 188-196.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3593664/