Evidence Base

At the Fountain of Health we strive to bring you evidence-based information on brain health across the lifespan.  Here are FoH Publications and some references for each area of the Wellbeing section of the site.  Please feel free to contact us if you know of an article or reference you think we should be aware of.  References marked with an asterisk (*) may require an account with the journal or website to access the full article.

FoH Publications

The Fountain of Health: Bringing Seniors’ Mental Health Promotion into Clinical Practice
Book Review: “Geriatric Depression: A Clinical Guide”

Age-Friendly Communities Initiative: Public Health Approach to Promoting Successful Aging

Dilip V. Jeste, Keri-Leigh Cassidy et al., American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry Vol 24 Issue 12 Dec 2016 p 1158-1170 

Positive Thinking

Levy B, et al. Longitudinal benefit of positive self-perceptions of aging on functional health. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2002;57(5):409-417.
Online: http://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/57/5/P409.short*

Levy B. Mind matters: cognitive and physical effects of aging self stereotypes. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 2003; 58(4): 203-211.
Online: http://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/58/4/P203.full

Levy B, et al. Longevity increased by positive self-perceptions of aging. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2002; 83(2): 261-270.
Online: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/psp-832261.pdf

Wurm S, et al. How do negative self-perceptions of aging become a self-fulfilling prophecy? Psychology and Aging 2013; 28(4): 1088-1097.
Online: http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2013-35546-001/

Levy B, Slade M, Pietrzak H, & Ferrucci L. Positive age beliefs protect against dementia even among elders with high-risk gene. PLOS One2018.
Online: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0191004

Social Activity

Gilmour H. “Social participation and the health and well-being of Canadian seniors.” Stats Can Catalogue 82-003-X 2012.
Online: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-003-x/2012004/article/11720-eng.htm

Nicholson N. A review of social isolation: an important but underassessed condition in older adults. J Prim Prev 2012;33(2-3):137-152.
Online: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/769914_1

Flatt J, et al. Participation in social activities in later life: does enjoyment have important implications for cognitive health? Aging Health 2013;9(2)149-158.
Online: http://www.futuremedicine.com/doi/abs/10.2217/ahe.13.11*

Physical Activity

Angevaren M, et al. Physical activity and enhanced fitness to improve cognitive function in older people without known cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008;3:CD005381.
Online: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD005381.pub3/abstract

Lautenschlager NT, et al. Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: a randomized trial. JAMA 2008;300(9):1027-1037.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18768414*

McNamara D. Physical Fitness Ted to a Nearly 90% Reduction in Dementia Risk. Medscape 2018.

Nagamatsu LS, et al. Resistance training promotes cognitive and functional brain plasticity in seniors with probable mild cognitive impairment. Arch Intern Med 2012;172(8):666-668.
Online: http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1135414

Rockwood K, et al. Physical activity and the maintenance of cognitive function. Alzheimers Dement 2007;3(2 Suppl), S38-44.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19595973*

Wolff JK et al. What do targeting positive views on aging add to a physical activity intervention in older adults? Results from a randomized control trial. Health Psychology 2014; 29(8): 915-923.

Mental Health

Grossman P, et al. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta analysis. J Psychosom Res 2004;57(1):35-43.
Online: ac.els-cdn.com/S0022399903005737/1-s2.0-S0022399903005737-main.pdf?_tid=8f5e1514-1986-11e3-a7150000aab0f6c&acdnat=1378755327_8d53a8bc0a1a737113bb823c1f20bf34

Jeste DV, Palmer BW. A call for a new positive psychiatry of aging. British Journal of Psychiatry 2013; 20(2); 81-83.
Online: http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/202/2/81

Jeste DV, et al. Older age is associated with more successful aging: role of resilience and depression. American Journal of Psychiatry 2013; 170(2): 188-196.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3593664/

Brain Challenge

Miller KJ, et al. Effect of a computerized brain exercise program on cognitive performance in older adults. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2013;21(7):655-63.
Online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23602310*

Reijnders J, et al. Cognitive interventions in healthy older adults and people with mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review. Ageing Res Rev 2013;12(1):263-275. Online: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1568163712000979

Valenzuela M, et al. Can cognitive exercise prevent the onset of dementia? Systematic review of randomized clinical trials with longitudinal follow-up. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry  2009;17(3):179-87.
Online: http://rng.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/2009-Can-Cognitive-Exercise...